The Biology of Belief by Bruce H Lipton, Ph D

Books about how new findings of science support "New Age" beliefs have been common since at least since the Tao of Physics: An Exploration of the Parallels between Modern Physics and Eastern Mysticism by Fritjof Capra was first published many years ago. The most popular example is the movie "What the Bleep Do We Know?"

However, the emphasis has been on physics, especially quantum physics. This book examines cell biology instead, though he also tries to rope in quantum physics. The author is a cell biologist with impressive credentials.

His central thesis – on the scientific level – is that our cells (and therefore ourselves) are not controlled by our DNA or genes. Rather, they react to their environment.

He doesn't spell this out, but I must assume there are genetic limits or boundaries. Our cells can't suddenly decide to change our eye color from blue to brown. If we're fully grown, I don't believe they can grow our skeletons even if we decide we wish to be professional basketball players.

This is a direct challenge to most of biology, which reveres our DNA and genes as the control mechanisms over who and what we are.

However, in recent years there's been a new branch of biology called epigenetics, which studies how our cells can choose to read or not read certain parts of our genes.

For example, the presence of certain genes are correlated with the possibility of developing certain cancers later in life. Newspaper stories make it sound as though women with the gene are "fated" to get breast cancer.

Lipton points out that depending on their environment, cells can choose to read or not read these genes, and therefore develop cancer – or not.

I find this quite reasonable. I believe I first encountered the term "epigenetics" when I read a book on resveratrol, the polyphenol found in grapes and grape products (such as red wine). The research into resveratrol suggests that it helps our cells to express the healthy parts of our genes while ignoring the unhealthy parts.

But here's where the author's case breaks down. He says the cell's environment includes electrical energy (true enough), and implies this is controlled by our beliefs.

And he brings in quantum mechanics to explain how our brains communicate with our cells to determine their actions.

It's not easy to follow, because he is a good writer and uses many scientific details, but this process is simply not explained in the same step by step detail he gives to cell biology. He makes many logical jumps.

I'm no expert, but I don't believe quantum physics even applies to the molecular level on which our biology is based. I thought it applied only to subatomic particles. By the time atoms combine to form molecules, they are matter and behave according to the laws of biochemistry.

In one chapter he goes into great detail about the importance of parents programming their children positively, starting with their own health. He cites many statistics showing that children exposed in the womb to alcohol and tobacco suffer health problems later on.

He seems to shift from rejecting determinism by genes to adopting determinism by parental influence.

At the end, he really cops out by acknowledging that he doesn't have a way to change our subconscious programming – which controls our beliefs.

Instead, he redirects us to check out a program for that created by someone else.

There's a lot of interesting material here. I believe it raises lots of interesting and valuable questions, but it doesn't make its case.

Speed ​​Reading Tips For Memory – Mnemonics

While speed reading or even regular reading, one of the biggest challenges to remembering the information. In this article, the world's fastest reader, Howard Berg, offers speed reading tips for memory. He will focus upon using mnemonics.

Many people erroneously believe that mnemonics are a recent discovery. Actually, they were used by the ancient Greeks, and perfected by the Romans. Mnemonics take advantage of the brain's ability to chunk large amounts of information into pieces that are easy to learn. Let me give you an example.

Many people learn the colors of the rainbow by using an easy mnemonic: Roy G Biv. Each letter in this name is the first letter of one of the basic colors. Red is R. Orange is O. Yellow is Y. Green is G. Blue is B. Indigo is I. Finally, Violet is V. It takes far less time to memorize Roy G Biv than to memorize all seven colors. Here is how this works.

You can create a mnemonic using the first letter of a grouping of words, or you can create one that uses sentences as the trigger. You can even use a nonsense word to help you remember important facts. I did this while I was in college. I majored in Biology and had to memorize the nine characteristics of a living system. The brain can only remember seven things at a time using rote memory, and my list had 9 elements. Let me show you how I created a mnemonic to accomplish this task.

I created the nonsense word: smm igr sac. Each of the letters in my mnemonic was the first letter of one of the nine characteristics of a living system. Specific organization is S. Metabolism is M. Movement is M. Irritability is I. Growth is G. Reproduction is R. Specialization is S. Adaptation is A. Finally we get to Control which is C. I was able to memorize and retain this nine characteristics in under five minutes in 1968, and I still remember it.

Try experimenting with mnemonics to memorize large lists of material. You will be amazed at how quickly and easily you can store and recall your information.

6 Useful Tips for Buying Cheap Textbooks

When it comes to sourcing the latest textbooks for your education, there are generally several practical options, such as renting, buying used or buying new. With a little planning, it is possible to save a significant amount of money on the many different college textbooks needed. Let’s take a look at a few useful tips to save money on sourcing textbooks:

Plan ahead – a simple strategy to get the best prices is to plan ahead and buy the textbooks well in advance of classes starting. The cost of textbooks often increases just before classes begin because the stock is typically lower at this time. If you plan ahead, you will be able to buy the relevant textbooks at a far more attractive price because there are greater numbers available.

Also, in order to buy early, you want to make sure to get your reading lists from your professors as soon as possible. A further benefit of buying early is the option to use a slow, low-cost shipping method if buying online.

Buy used – the option to buy secondhand is likely to be the best course of action to find what you need at cheap and affordable prices. Even with books that have seen little use, there is the potential to save a significant amount on the original list price.

Older editions – textbooks in certain subjects such as history, chemistry and biology see minimal updates from one publication to the next. If you are able to buy a slightly older edition you are likely to benefit from massive savings. However, it is worth checking with your course tutor to make sure a slightly out of date textbook is acceptable.

International editions – one of the less used options is to look at an international edition of a particular textbook. While these books are likely to be slightly different in appearance and generally paperback, they are able to give the desired information.

Price comparison tools – using one of the many price comparison websites that is entirely dedicated to finding the best deals on textbooks can help to speed up the process of finding what you need.

Free shipping – look for independent bookstores that sell used and new textbooks. They are often competitively priced and may offer free shipping. Also, there may be discounts on ordering multiple textbooks at the same time.

Overall, with a little careful planning and following these tips there shouldn’t be any reason not to save a lot of money on the different textbooks.

Garden Soil Biology – Living Components Of Soils

Soil biology is the living components of the soil. A healthy soil has a relationship to the plants you grow, along with air and water quality. Arthropods, bacteria, fungi, nematodes, protozoa and earthworms all have a relationship in a healthy soil.

Arthropods are invertebrates that make the home in soil. They range in size from microscopic to several inches in length, and are grouped as shredders, predators, herbivores, and fungal feeders. Most of the soil dwelling arthropods have a very important part in improving a soils structure by aerating and mixing soil, regulating the population of other soil organisms and shredding organic matter.

Bacteria are one celled organisms, and very small. There lack of size is easily made up by their large population. One teaspoon of a productive soil will generally contain between one hundred million and one billion bacteria. These one celled organisms fall into four groups, decomposers, mutualists, pathogens and lithotrophs or chemoautotrophs.

Fungi are microscopic cells, and usually grow as long threads or strands called hyphae. These hyphae can span from just a few cells to several yards in length. They play a very important role relating to water disease suppression, nutrient cycle and water dynamics.

Nematodes are non-segmented worms that are typically 1/500th of an inch in diameter and 1/20 0f an inch in length. Some are plant and algae feeders, bacteria and fungi feeders and others feed on other nematodes and protozoa. Divided into four groups of bacteria feeders, fungal feeders, predatory nematodes and root feeders, they all have their purpose in the soil food web.

Protoza are single celled animals that primarily feed on bacteria and will also eat other protozoa, along with soluble organic matter and fungi.

Earthworms, the most common member of the soil food web. They are a major decomposer of dead or decomposing organic material. Divided into twenty three families, these invertebrates can range in size from one inch to yards in length, and be seasonally found in all depths of soil.

Keeping a healthy soil in balance for the natural biology to work and improving the soils structure will provide many benefits for plant life to thrive and keep the environment clean. This can be easily done by just supplying the soil with the organic material it needs to feed the living organisms, for the soil is their home.